Canning is named after Alfred Canning (21 February 1860 – 22 May 1936), a Western Australian government surveyor whose work played a vital role in the construction of the No.1 Rabbit Proof Fence and the Canning Stock Route.
Completed in 1910, the Canning Stock Route was designed to transport stock from Halls Creek in the Kimberley to Wiluna in the mid-west region in order to break the monopoly that west Kimberley cattlemen had on the beef trade at the beginning of the 20th century.
While the route is no longer used today, it remains the longest historic stock route in the world, totalling a distance of approximately 1,850 kilometres.
The electorate of Canning covers an area of over 6,000 square kilometres, from the south-east metropolitan areas of Perth to the adjoining rural areas in the east and south. It encompasses the Cities of Armadale (part) and Mandurah and the Shires of Boddington, Kalamunda (part), Murray, Serpentine-Jarrahdale and Waroona.
The boundary suburbs of Canning include Armadale (part), Ashendon, Bannister (part), Bedfordale, Byford, Canning Mills, Carmel, Crossman, Darling Downs, Gosnells (part), Hilbert (part), Hopeland, Jarrahdale, Keralup (part), Keysbrook, Lake Clifton, Lakelands, Lesley, Lower Hotham, Madora Bay, Mardella, Marradong, Martin, Mount Richon, Mount Wells, Nanga Brook, Oakford, Oldbury, Orange Grove, Pickering Brook, Preston Beach, Quindanning, Roleystone, Solus, Stake Hill, Upper Murray, Wagerup, Wungong (part), and Wuraming.
The main industries in Canning include construction, mining, agriculture, forestry, recreation and tourism.